Earth’s crust

The natural abundance of chemical elements in the Earth’s crust by weight of their atoms in ppb (parts per billion; reference value: one billion). Real values can deviate strongly from the information given.

ElementAbundanceMass (2.77·1010 Mt)Price
8OOxygen4.6·108 ppb46 %1.27·1010 Mt1.9·1021 USD
14SiSilicon2.7·108 ppb27 %7.47·109 Mt1.2·1022 USD
13AlAluminum8.2·107 ppb8.2 %2.27·109 Mt4·1021 USD
26FeIron6.3·107 ppb6.3 %1.74·109 Mt7.3·1020 USD
20CaCalcium5·107 ppb5 %1.38·109 Mt3.1·1021 USD
12MgMagnesium2.9·107 ppb2.9 %8.03·108 Mt1.8·1021 USD
11NaSodium2.3·107 ppb2.3 %6.37·108 Mt1.9·1021 USD
19KPotassium1.5·107 ppb1.5 %4.15·108 Mt5.3·1021 USD
22TiTitanium6.6·106 ppb0.66 %1.82·108 Mt2·1021 USD
6CCarbon1.8·106 ppb0.18 %4.98·107 Mt6·1018 USD
1HHydrogen1.5·106 ppb0.15 %4.15·107 Mt5.7·1019 USD
25MnManganese1.1·106 ppb0.11 %3.04·107 Mt5.5·1019 USD
15PPhosphorus1·106 ppb0.1 %2.77·107 Mt7.4·1019 USD
9FFluorine540,000 ppb0.054 %1.49·107 Mt2.9·1019 USD
16SSulfur420,000 ppb0.042 %1.16·107 Mt1·1018 USD
38SrStrontium360,000 ppb0.036 %9.97·106 Mt6.5·1019 USD
56BaBarium340,000 ppb0.034 %9.41·106 Mt2.4·1018 USD
23VVanadium190,000 ppb0.019 %5.26·106 Mt1.9·1021 USD
17ClChlorine170,000 ppb0.017 %4.7·106 Mt3.8·1017 USD
24CrChromium140,000 ppb0.014 %3.87·106 Mt3.6·1019 USD
40ZrZirconium130,000 ppb0.013 %3.6·106 Mt1.3·1020 USD
28NiNickel90,000 ppb0.009 %2.49·106 Mt3.4·1019 USD
30ZnZinc79,000 ppb0.0079 %2.18·106 Mt5.5·1018 USD
29CuCopper68,000 ppb0.0068 %1.88·106 Mt1.1·1019 USD
37RbRubidium60,000 ppb0.006 %1.66·106 Mt2.5·1022 USD
58CeCerium60,000 ppb0.006 %1.66·106 Mt7.7·1018 USD
57LaLanthanum34,000 ppb0.0034 %941,000 Mt4.5·1018 USD
60NdNeodymium33,000 ppb0.0033 %914,000 Mt5.2·1019 USD
27CoCobalt30,000 ppb0.003 %831,000 Mt2.7·1019 USD
39YYttrium29,000 ppb0.0029 %803,000 Mt2.4·1019 USD
21ScScandium26,000 ppb0.0026 %720,000 Mt2.4·1021 USD
7NNitrogen20,000 ppb0.002 %554,000 Mt7.7·1016 USD
31GaGallium19,000 ppb0.0019 %526,000 Mt7.7·1019 USD
3LiLithium17,000 ppb0.0017 %470,000 Mt3.9·1019 USD
41NbNiobium17,000 ppb0.0017 %470,000 Mt3.4·1019 USD
82PbLead10,000 ppb0.001 %277,000 Mt5.5·1017 USD
5BBoron8,700 ppb8.7·10-4 %240,000 Mt8.8·1017 USD
59PrPraseodymium8,700 ppb8.7·10-4 %240,000 Mt2.4·1019 USD
66DyDysprosium6,200 ppb6.2·10-4 %171,000 Mt5.2·1019 USD
62SmSamarium6,000 ppb6·10-4 %166,000 Mt2.3·1018 USD
90ThThorium6,000 ppb6·10-4 %166,000 Mt4.7·1019 USD
64GdGadolinium5,200 ppb5.2·10-4 %144,000 Mt4.1·1018 USD
72HfHafnium3,300 ppb3.3·10-4 %91,400 Mt8.2·1019 USD
35BrBromine3,000 ppb3·10-4 %83,100 Mt3.6·1017 USD
68ErErbium3,000 ppb3·10-4 %83,100 Mt2.1·1018 USD
70YbYtterbium2,800 ppb2.8·10-4 %77,500 Mt1.3·1018 USD
50SnTin2,200 ppb2.2·10-4 %60,900 Mt1.1·1018 USD
33AsArsenic2,100 ppb2.1·10-4 %58,100 Mt6.6·1016 USD
4BeBeryllium1,900 ppb1.9·10-4 %52,600 Mt4.5·1019 USD
55CsCaesium1,900 ppb1.9·10-4 %52,600 Mt3.2·1021 USD
63EuEuropium1,800 ppb1.8·10-4 %49,800 Mt1.5·1018 USD
92UUranium1,800 ppb1.8·10-4 %49,800 Mt5·1018 USD
73TaTantalum1,700 ppb1.7·10-4 %47,000 Mt1.4·1019 USD
18ArArgon1,500 ppb1.5·10-4 %41,500 Mt3.8·1016 USD
32GeGermanium1,400 ppb1.4·10-4 %38,700 Mt3.7·1019 USD
67HoHolmium1,200 ppb1.2·10-4 %33,200 Mt1.8·1018 USD
42MoMolybdenum1,100 ppb1.1·10-4 %30,400 Mt1.2·1018 USD
74WTungsten1,100 ppb1.1·10-4 %30,400 Mt1·1018 USD
65TbTerbium940 ppb9.4·10-5 %26,000 Mt1.7·1019 USD
71LuLutetium560 ppb5.6·10-5 %15,500 Mt9.9·1018 USD
81TlThallium530 ppb5.3·10-5 %14,600 Mt6.1·1019 USD
53IIodine490 ppb4.9·10-5 %13,500 Mt4.7·1017 USD
69TmThulium450 ppb4.5·10-5 %12,400 Mt3.7·1019 USD
51SbAntimony200 ppb2·10-5 %5,540 Mt3.2·1016 USD
49InIndium160 ppb1.6·10-5 %4,430 Mt7.4·1017 USD
48CdCadmium150 ppb1.5·10-5 %4,150 Mt1.1·1016 USD
47AgSilver80 ppb8·10-6 %2,210 Mt1.1·1018 USD
80HgMercury67 ppb6.7·10-6 %1,850 Mt5.6·1016 USD
34SeSelenium50 ppb5·10-6 %1,380 Mt2.9·1016 USD
78PtPlatinum37 ppb3.7·10-6 %1,020 Mt2.8·1019 USD
83BiBismuth25 ppb2.5·10-6 %692 Mt4.4·1015 USD
46PdPalladium6.3 ppb6.3·10-7 %174 Mt8.6·1018 USD
2HeHelium5.5 ppb5.5·10-7 %152 Mt3.6·1015 USD
79AuGold3.1 ppb3.1·10-7 %85.8 Mt3.8·1018 USD
10NeNeon3 ppb3·10-7 %83.1 Mt1.9·1016 USD
75ReRhenium2.6 ppb2.6·10-7 %72 Mt2.5·1017 USD
76OsOsmium1.8 ppb1.8·10-7 %49.8 Mt5.9·1017 USD
44RuRuthenium1 ppb1·10-7 %27.7 Mt2.9·1017 USD
52TeTellurium1 ppb1·10-7 %27.7 Mt1.7·1015 USD
45RhRhodium0.7 ppb6.999·10-8 %19.3 Mt2.8·1018 USD
77IrIridium0.4 ppb4·10-8 %11 Mt6.1·1017 USD
36KrKrypton0.15 ppb1.499·10-8 %4.15 Mt1.2·1015 USD
54XeXenon0.02 ppb2·10-9 %554 Gt9.9·1014 USD
88RaRadium1·10-4 ppb1·10-11 %2.77 Gt-
91PaProtactinium1·10-5 ppb1·10-12 %277 kt-