The natural abundance of chemical elements on the sun by weight of their atoms in ppb (parts per billion; reference value: one billion). Real values can deviate strongly from the information given.

ElementAbundanceMass (1 M☉)Price
1HHydrogen7.5·108 ppb75 %1.49·1018 Mt2·1030 USD
2HeHelium2.3·108 ppb23 %4.57·1017 Mt1·1031 USD
8OOxygen9·106 ppb0.9 %1.79·1016 Mt2.7·1027 USD
6CCarbon3·106 ppb0.3 %5.96·1015 Mt7.2·1026 USD
7NNitrogen1·106 ppb0.1 %1.98·1015 Mt2.7·1026 USD
10NeNeon1·106 ppb0.1 %1.98·1015 Mt4.7·1029 USD
26FeIron1·106 ppb0.1 %1.98·1015 Mt8.4·1026 USD
14SiSilicon900,000 ppb0.09 %1.79·1015 Mt3·1027 USD
12MgMagnesium700,000 ppb0.07 %1.39·1015 Mt3.2·1027 USD
16SSulfur400,000 ppb0.04 %7.95·1014 Mt7.3·1025 USD
28NiNickel80,000 ppb0.008 %1.59·1014 Mt2.2·1027 USD
18ArArgon70,000 ppb0.007 %1.39·1014 Mt1.2·1026 USD
20CaCalcium70,000 ppb0.007 %1.39·1014 Mt3.1·1026 USD
13AlAluminum60,000 ppb0.006 %1.19·1014 Mt2.1·1026 USD
11NaSodium40,000 ppb0.004 %7.95·1013 Mt2.3·1026 USD
24CrChromium20,000 ppb0.002 %3.97·1013 Mt3.7·1026 USD
25MnManganese10,000 ppb0.001 %1.98·1013 Mt3.6·1025 USD
17ClChlorine8,000 ppb8·10-4 %1.59·1013 Mt1.3·1024 USD
15PPhosphorus7,000 ppb7·10-4 %1.39·1013 Mt3.7·1025 USD
19KPotassium4,000 ppb4·10-4 %7.95·1012 Mt1·1026 USD
22TiTitanium4,000 ppb4·10-4 %7.95·1012 Mt9·1025 USD
27CoCobalt4,000 ppb4·10-4 %7.95·1012 Mt2.6·1026 USD
30ZnZinc2,000 ppb2·10-4 %3.97·1012 Mt1·1025 USD
29CuCopper700 ppb7·10-5 %1.39·1012 Mt8.3·1024 USD
9FFluorine500 ppb5·10-5 %9.94·1011 Mt1.9·1024 USD
23VVanadium400 ppb4·10-5 %7.95·1011 Mt2.9·1026 USD
32GeGermanium200 ppb2·10-5 %3.97·1011 Mt3.8·1026 USD
38SrStrontium50 ppb5·10-6 %9.94·1010 Mt6.5·1023 USD
21ScScandium40 ppb4·10-6 %7.95·1010 Mt2.7·1026 USD
31GaGallium40 ppb4·10-6 %7.95·1010 Mt1.1·1025 USD
40ZrZirconium40 ppb4·10-6 %7.95·1010 Mt2.8·1024 USD
37RbRubidium30 ppb3·10-6 %5.96·1010 Mt9.2·1026 USD
80HgMercury20 ppb2·10-6 %3.97·1010 Mt1.2·1024 USD
39YYttrium10 ppb1·10-6 %1.98·1010 Mt6.1·1023 USD
56BaBarium10 ppb1·10-6 %1.98·1010 Mt5.1·1021 USD
82PbLead10 ppb1·10-6 %1.98·1010 Mt3.9·1022 USD
83BiBismuth10 ppb1·10-6 %1.98·1010 Mt1.2·1023 USD
42MoMolybdenum9 ppb9·10-7 %1.79·1010 Mt7.1·1023 USD
50SnTin9 ppb9·10-7 %1.79·1010 Mt3.3·1023 USD
78PtPlatinum9 ppb9·10-7 %1.79·1010 Mt4.9·1026 USD
55CsCaesium8 ppb8·10-7 %1.59·1010 Mt9.8·1026 USD
48CdCadmium6 ppb6·10-7 %1.19·1010 Mt3.2·1022 USD
44RuRuthenium5 ppb5·10-7 %9.94·109 Mt1·1026 USD
41NbNiobium4 ppb4·10-7 %7.95·109 Mt5.8·1023 USD
49InIndium4 ppb4·10-7 %7.95·109 Mt1.3·1024 USD
58CeCerium4 ppb4·10-7 %7.95·109 Mt3.6·1022 USD
74WTungsten4 ppb4·10-7 %7.95·109 Mt2.8·1023 USD
46PdPalladium3 ppb3·10-7 %5.96·109 Mt2.9·1026 USD
60NdNeodymium3 ppb3·10-7 %5.96·109 Mt3.4·1023 USD
5BBoron2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt1.4·1022 USD
45RhRhodium2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt5.8·1026 USD
57LaLanthanum2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt1.9·1022 USD
64GdGadolinium2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt1.1·1023 USD
66DyDysprosium2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt1.2·1024 USD
76OsOsmium2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt4.7·1025 USD
77IrIridium2 ppb2·10-7 %3.97·109 Mt2.2·1026 USD
47AgSilver1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt1·1024 USD
51SbAntimony1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt1.1·1022 USD
59PrPraseodymium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt2·1023 USD
62SmSamarium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt2.7·1022 USD
68ErErbium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt5.2·1022 USD
70YbYtterbium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt3.4·1022 USD
71LuLutetium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt1.2·1024 USD
72HfHafnium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt1.7·1024 USD
79AuGold1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt8.9·1025 USD
81TlThallium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt8.3·1024 USD
92UUranium1 ppb1·10-7 %1.98·109 Mt2·1023 USD
63EuEuropium0.5 ppb5·10-8 %9.94·108 Mt3.1·1022 USD
90ThThorium0.3 ppb2.999·10-8 %5.96·108 Mt1.7·1023 USD
69TmThulium0.2 ppb2·10-8 %3.97·108 Mt1.1·1024 USD
4BeBeryllium0.1 ppb1·10-8 %1.98·108 Mt1.7·1023 USD
65TbTerbium0.1 ppb1·10-8 %1.98·108 Mt1.3·1023 USD
75ReRhenium0.1 ppb1·10-8 %1.98·108 Mt7.1·1023 USD
3LiLithium0.06 ppb6·10-9 %1.19·108 Mt9.9·1021 USD
61PmPromethium0.005 ppb5·10-10 %9.94·106 Mt4.5·1024 USD