Flowing water

The natural abundance of chemical elements in flowing waters by weight of their atoms in ppb (parts per billion; reference value: one billion). Real values can deviate strongly from the information given.

ElementAbundanceMass (16,000 Mt)Price
8OOxygen8.8·108 ppb88 %14,000 Mt2.1·1015 USD
1HHydrogen1.15·108 ppb11.5 %1,840 Mt2.5·1015 USD
11NaSodium8,000 ppb8·10-4 %128 Gt3.8·1011 USD
17ClChlorine8,000 ppb8·10-4 %128 Gt1·1010 USD
14SiSilicon5,000 ppb5·10-4 %80 Gt1.3·1011 USD
12MgMagnesium4,100 ppb4.1·10-4 %65.6 Gt1.5·1011 USD
16SSulfur4,000 ppb4·10-4 %64 Gt5.9·109 USD
3LiLithium3,000 ppb3·10-4 %48 Gt4·1012 USD
19KPotassium2,300 ppb2.3·10-4 %36.8 Gt4.7·1011 USD
20CaCalcium1,500 ppb1.5·10-4 %24 Gt5.4·1010 USD
6CCarbon1,200 ppb1.2·10-4 %19.2 Gt2.3·109 USD
48CdCadmium700 ppb7·10-5 %11.2 Gt3·1010 USD
26FeIron670 ppb6.7·10-5 %10.7 Gt4.5·109 USD
13AlAluminum400 ppb4·10-5 %6.4 Gt1.1·1010 USD
7NNitrogen240 ppb2.4·10-5 %3.83 Gt5.3·108 USD
9FFluorine100 ppb1·10-5 %1.6 Gt3.2·109 USD
38SrStrontium60 ppb6·10-6 %959 kt6.3·109 USD
39YYttrium50 ppb5·10-6 %800 kt2.4·1010 USD
56BaBarium25 ppb2.5·10-6 %400 kt1·108 USD
15PPhosphorus20 ppb2·10-6 %320 kt8.6·108 USD
35BrBromine20 ppb2·10-6 %320 kt1.4·109 USD
5BBoron10 ppb1·10-6 %160 kt5.8·108 USD
30ZnZinc10 ppb1·10-6 %160 kt4·108 USD
29CuCopper6 ppb6·10-7 %96 kt5.7·108 USD
25MnManganese5 ppb5·10-7 %80 kt1.4·108 USD
53IIodine5 ppb5·10-7 %80 kt2.8·109 USD
22TiTitanium3 ppb3·10-7 %48 kt5.4·108 USD
40ZrZirconium3 ppb3·10-7 %48 kt1.7·109 USD
82PbLead3 ppb3·10-7 %48 kt9.6·107 USD
51SbAntimony2 ppb2·10-7 %32 kt1.8·108 USD
23VVanadium1 ppb1·10-7 %16 kt5.9·109 USD
24CrChromium1 ppb1·10-7 %16 kt1.5·108 USD
33AsArsenic1 ppb1·10-7 %16 kt1.8·107 USD
37RbRubidium1 ppb1·10-7 %16 kt2.4·1011 USD
42MoMolybdenum0.8 ppb8·10-8 %12.8 kt5.1·108 USD
28NiNickel0.3 ppb2.999·10-8 %4.8 kt6.6·107 USD
47AgSilver0.3 ppb2.999·10-8 %4.8 kt2.5·109 USD
27CoCobalt0.2 ppb2·10-8 %3.2 kt1·108 USD
34SeSelenium0.2 ppb2·10-8 %3.2 kt6.8·107 USD
57LaLanthanum0.2 ppb2·10-8 %3.2 kt1.5·107 USD
60NdNeodymium0.2 ppb2·10-8 %3.2 kt1.8·108 USD
31GaGallium0.15 ppb1.499·10-8 %2.4 kt3.5·108 USD
4BeBeryllium0.1 ppb1·10-8 %1.6 kt1.3·109 USD
90ThThorium0.1 ppb1·10-8 %1.6 kt4.5·108 USD
80HgMercury0.07 ppb7·10-9 %1.12 kt3.3·107 USD
50SnTin0.06 ppb6·10-9 %960 t1.7·107 USD
58CeCerium0.06 ppb6·10-9 %960 t4.4·106 USD
55CsCaesium0.05 ppb5·10-9 %800 t4.9·1010 USD
66DyDysprosium0.05 ppb5·10-9 %800 t2.4·108 USD
68ErErbium0.05 ppb5·10-9 %800 t2.1·107 USD
70YbYtterbium0.05 ppb5·10-9 %800 t1.3·107 USD
64GdGadolinium0.04 ppb4·10-9 %640 t1.8·107 USD
92UUranium0.04 ppb4·10-9 %640 t6.4·107 USD
59PrPraseodymium0.03 ppb3·10-9 %480 t4.9·107 USD
62SmSamarium0.03 ppb3·10-9 %480 t6.6·106 USD
74WTungsten0.03 ppb3·10-9 %480 t1.6·107 USD
67HoHolmium0.01 ppb1·10-9 %160 t9.1·106 USD
69TmThulium0.009 ppb8.999·10-10 %144 t4.3·108 USD
65TbTerbium0.008 ppb8·10-10 %128 t8.4·107 USD
71LuLutetium0.008 ppb8·10-10 %128 t8.2·107 USD
63EuEuropium0.007 ppb7·10-10 %112 t3.5·106 USD
21ScScandium0.004 ppb4·10-10 %64 t2.2·108 USD
79AuGold0.002 ppb2·10-10 %32 t1.4·109 USD
88RaRadium4·10-7 ppb4·10-14 %6.39 kg-
86RnRadon2·10-13 ppb2·10-20 %3.2 mg-